Paraphrasing or Analysing? A Model Guide to Write Answers


Most of our readers request us to provide a model on how to write a correct answer at the exam using an exam question. In this post we provide you two model answers based on recent term tests for grade 10 and grade 11. However, these answers are not fully complete, the focus is on form rather than content. So the readers are requested to follow the form not the content because content should be your own bread.

These two answers include model opening paragraphs, a paragraph using integrated quotations mixed with paraphrasing and one paragraph modelling on how to use separate quotations. Only the first answer has the ending paragraph. You may study the structures to enhance your writing experience and get good marks at the exam. We have written multiple ‘How to write’ posts on writing great piece of writings. You can go to our search icon and enter those key words to find those posts.


Grade 10 – Poetry – The question:

How does the writer discuss the differences between appearance and reality in the poem “The Clown’s Wife”?

Judging a book by its cover is not always correct which is a true fact valid for judging the characters of a human too. The social appearance of a person may not be the reality; he or she may be totally different from what she or he showcases to the society. Johnson Agard might try to bring forward this mystery of appearance vs reality in the lives of human beings peeping into a life of a clown through the eyes of his wife in his poem The clown’s wife.

the paragraph with integrated quotations and paraphrasing:

The narrator who is describing about her clown-husband to an invisible listener too cannot be judged as shown in the poem. Seemingly she is an uneducated and domesticated character who one might expect to be just an outgoing character with no depth. Her use of erroneous diction like: ‘I do me best’, ‘I tell jokes’ might suggest that fact. However, when reading through the poem, the reader can realize that she is truly an understanding character who can analyse the inner characteristics of the clown. She perfectly knows that her husband carries ‘the world on his shoulder.’ Therefore, her appearance in the poem is obviously different from the real her.

the paragraph with separate quotation:

The social expectation of a clown is to be a jovial, an easy going or a humorous character whose career is dedicated to entertain others. Nobody expects a clown to be a dull, serious or a grief-stricken character. However, Agard unveils the true human behind the curtains who has been submerged in colourful paints and clumsy outfits:

“Up there he’s a king on a throne,

but at home you should hear him moan.”

As the wife unwraps her husband’s real face, she explains that though the clown is a prolific entertainer on the stage with his tricks and tact-tics using the metaphor ‘king on a throne’, in reality, the clown is a grief stricken character who moans at home. Moaning a clown is a disturbing and contrasting picture which is not socially acceptable a clown to be. However, Agard asks the reader to feel and understand the mystery of human lives which is that – people are not real as they appear in the society.

ending paragraph:

Therefore, the poem The Clown’s Wife is an eye-opener to the society about reality of the lives of human beings. By utilising a character of a clown, Johnson Agard masterfully brings forward the idea to peep into the inner character of human beings rather judging them by their appearance because the reality can be totally different from what is truly seen.


Grade 11 – Poetry – The question:

Emily Dickinson describes what she has seen in nature and never complaints of the deep mystery of the natural phenomena. Do you agree? Prove your idea with reference to the poem “A Bird Came Down the Walk”.

Nature has been a common subject matter for many artists including various poets mainly because it is full of enchantments and matters to be discussed about. However, being a modern poet, Emily Dickinson exposes nature to the reader without changing its real form. Through her poem A Bird Came Down the Walk, she offers a slice of nature in its real form without commenting nor criticizing the deep mysteries mingled inside.

the paragraph with integrated quotations and paraphrasing:

Dickinson takes the reader to a moving portrait of an ordinary scene in nature. Her use of diction and vivid imagery give the reader a real, natural scene as seen in nature. The kinaesthetic imagery she illustrates like: the bird drinking ‘a dew’ ‘from a convenient grass’ and it glancing ‘with rapid eyes’ as well as the bird stirring ‘his velvet head’ create a moving picture of an ordinary behaviour of a bird in nature in the mind of the reader.

the paragraph with separate quotation:

Her visual presentation includes certain scenes which unveil some deep mysteries of natural phenomenon. However, the poet never tries to comment nor complain about them. Her main focus is obviously to show the reader the nature in its real form:

“He bit an angle-worm in halves

Ad ate the fellow, raw.”

The bird killing a worm and gobbling it down might create an unpleasant or disturbing picture about the bird. However, Dickinson never discusses about the scene nor goes into details further. She seems to be trying to make the reader accept and understand nature as it is. In the wild, nature has its own laws – the strong depends on the weak, that is how the food chain functioning in nature. By presenting the nature as it is, helps the reader to understand this mystery of nature, how it prevails and survives.


We should admit that these model are not the perfect answers because, as we always believe that the answers based on the writers own style of writing are the best. You may follow the structure on how to organize your answer but not blindly reproduce the same answer. Our only intention is to provide you a model on how to write an answer using the correct form. Please do share your ideas regarding this post. Share the post if you find this is useful to another student like you.


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